Math 486. Febr. 8,  2007. Midterm 1.                                                                                                   m1                          total
5 problems, 15 pts each.                      Name____Leon__Vaserstein_________________                            /75.                              /125.
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Find an equilibrium and the corresponding payoff. In Problems 1 and 2, the bet is $1.

1. Restricted Nim. Last move wins. Players can take 2,5, or 7 stones in a move. Initial position: 1 pile, 24 stones.
Solution.   For any number of stones < 24, we write a winning move (the number of stones we take)  in the case when
the player who starts at this position has a winning strategy; otherwise, we write  L.

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24


2
2

5
5
7
7
5

7
2


2
2
7
5
5
7
7


2
L
L
W
W
L
W
W
W
W
W
L
W
W
L
L
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
L
L
W

So the player  at 24 wins $1  by taking 2 stones to start.


2. Blackjack. Player (P)  has hard 17. Dealer (D)  shows 10.  Cards remaining including D's face-down: 4, 6, 6, 7, 7,7,7.
Solution.
                                                   P has 17, P's position, initial position.   $1/21
                                           P  draws                                     P stands at 17
         P has 17,  D has 10, chance move.    -$5/7                          D has 10 and  opens the second card, chance move .$1/21
                                 /              \                                                                            /         |                       \
                           1/7                  6/7                                                              1/7           2/7                      4/7
                         /                                \                                                       /                     |                              \
P  stands at 21  (6,6,7,7,7,7) $1        P is over    -$1                        D (14)  -$1      D (16)   $2/3          D(17) $0  for P
D draws at 10, chance move                                                            D draws from shoe , chance move
1/3                    2/3                                                                     2/3    1/3       1/6      5/6
D (16) $1          D (17)    $1                                    D (21) -$1          D (20) -$1     D is over, $1
4/5           1/5   
D (23) $1  D (22) $1
Answer:  Player (P)  stands, P's expected payoff is 1/21.

3. 2 player game in normal form.
-7, 1 4,0 -1, 3 0,0 3, 3
5,-1 5,0 0, 5 1, 4
6,1
0, 5 4,-1 -2, 4 6, 0 0, 3
7,2 5,0 0, 3 6,0 4,6
Solution.
-7, 1 4,0 -1, 3* 0,0 3, 3*
5,-1 5*,0 0*, 5*
1, 4
6*,1
0, 5* 4,-1 -2, 4 6*, 0 0, 3
7*,2 5*,0 0*, 3 6*,0 4,6*
One equilibriun (in bold).

4. Extensive form, 3 players, A B, C.
                              initial position
                               chance move
                       /                                     \
                 0.2                                        0.8
                 /                                                 \
            A                                                      B
        /          \                                               /        \
      B             C                                         B           C
    /      \      /          \                                 /      \     /         \
 1,2,3   0,-1,0    -1,-2,1                -1,0,1    0,1,0      0,0,2
Solution.
                            initial position  0.2, 1.2, 0.6
                               chance move
                       /                                     \
                 0.2                                        0.8
                 /                                                 \
            A    1,2,3                                         B 0.1.0
       //          \                                              / /        \
  B   1,2,3          C   -1,-2,1             0,1,0    B           C  0,0,2
    //      \      /        \ \                                 /     \ \     /         \\
 1,2,3   0,-1,0    -1,-2,1                -1,0,1    0,1,0      0,0,2

5.  Game with 3 players, A, B, C. in normal form.
strategy               payoff
A  B  C              A   B   C
1   1  1               0 -1    1
1  1  2                1   1  -2
1  2  1                1   0    0
1  2  2             -1    0    1
2   1  1               0 -1    1
2  1  2                1   1  -2
2  2  1                1   0    1
2  2  2             -1    0    0
3   1  1               0 -1    1
3  1  2              -1   1  -2
3  2  1                1   0    0
3  2  2             -1    0    1
Solution.
strategy                 payoff
A  B  C                A   B   C
1   1  1               0* -1    1*
1  1  2                1*   1*  -2
1  2  1                1*   0*    0
1  2  2             -1*    0    1*
2   1  1               0* -1    1*
2  1  2                1*   1*  -2
2  2  1                1*   0*    1*
2  2  2             -1*    0    0
3   1  1               0* -1    1*
3  1  2              -1   1*  -2
3  2  1                1*   0*    0
3  2  2             -1*    0    1*
There is one equilibriaum